Top 9 Poisonous Snake In The Uk (With Pictures)
Adder Vipera berus is a viper with a venomous bite that is found in all areas of Western Europe and all the way to East Asia. Black adders or European adders typically are grey or reddish-brown, but they could also be white, black cream or even light yellow.
Adders feed on small mammals, like mice and voles, as do lizards. An average adult European adder weighs between 0.11-0.39 1 lb (0.05-0.17 kilograms).
Adults are about 24,7 inches (7.3 meters) in length and are bulky. Adders love open habitats, such as moorland, heathland, open woodlands, and sea cliffs, usually in soils with free drainage, like chalk, sand or.
2. The grass snake
The grass snake (Natrix Natrix) is often referred to as the ringed snake or water snake. It is a Eurasian Non-venomous Colubrid Snake. The grass snake is usually greenish with an orange and black collar with a pale belly, and dark marks on the sides.
The grass snake that is commonly seen has the highest terrestriality of water snakes that can be found throughout Europe as well as in western Asia. Their main diet is Frogs Toads, Newts, and toads are the most popular grass snake prey. However, they also eat small mammals, fish, and birds.
They can grow to the size of 180 cm, which makes them one of our largest reptiles that are native to terrestrial habitats. The Grass Snakes are especially fond of wetland habitats like rivers and lakes.
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3. Smooth snake
Smooth snake (Coronella australis) is a non-venomous snake species within the family of Colubridae. The species is located in central and northern Europe; however, it can also be found in the far eastern region of Iran.
They generally have a dull brown color with black markings, which are placed in two rows or bars of dots running down the back. They feed mostly on common lizards, slow-worms, and smaller mammals (especially nesting rodents and shrews) that are caught and confined by the coils that form their body.
Smooth snakes are shorter and slimmer than other snakes, typically being 60 to 70 cm in length. The smooth snake relies on well-managed heathland, which is mostly in mature vegetation which provides adequate protection.
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4. Banded Krait
The krait with bands (Bungarus fasciatus) is an elapid snake that is located in the Indian Subcontinent, in Southeast Asia, as well as in the southern part of China. It is the most massive species of kraits with the longest length reaching 2.7 millimeters (8 10 inches or a foot).).
The krait that is banded can be distinguished by its different bands of yellow and black as well as its triangular body section and its distinctive vertebral ridge, which is made up of larger vertebral shields that run along the body.
The kraits with banded stripes can be found in various habitats, ranging from wet and humid deciduous forests mangroves, tropical scrubs to agricultural areas.
5. Saw Scaled Viper
Saw-scaled viper, one of eight species of tiny snakes that are venomous (family Viperidae) that inhabit dry savannas, dry regions in the north region and South of the Equator across Africa, Arabia, and the southwestern part of Asia across southwestern Asia to India in India and Sri Lanka.
They have a stout body, with the head of a pear which differs by its neck. They also have vertically elliptical pupils with rough and heavily keeled scales and short, thin tails.
Their diet is comprised of lizards and rodents, Frogs, as well as a range of arthropods such as scorpions, centipedes, and other large insects. Vipers with saw-scales in South India belong to the subspecies Echis carinatus carinatus. They can reach a maximum size of around 40 cm.
6. Eastern Tiger Snake
The eastern tiger snake is the most widespread form that is found throughout Victoria along with New South Wales to portions of South and Western Australia.
A common tiger features a head that is flat and blunt, which is somewhat different from a muscular body. They mostly eat frogs; however, they also consume other reptiles and birds, as well as fish and small mammals.
All of them reach adult lengths of between 1 and 1.5 meters (3 or 5 feet). The majority of tigers are located in coastal areas and are attracted by dams, wetlands, creeks, and other habitats near waterways or in areas of refuges close to permanent.
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Boomslang (Dispholidus Typus) can be described as a huge, venomous snake that is found in sub-Saharan Africa. A boomslang is a slim snake that has large eyes and an enormous head with a blunt shape that is distinct from its neck.
Its diet is comprised of chameleons as well as other arboreal lizards, frogs as well as tiny mammals, birds as well as nesting birds’ eggs, and nesting birds, which they eat whole.
The snake could grow two meters in length and is approximately 1 to 1.6 millimeters in length. They live in karoo bushes, Savannahs, lowland forests, and savannahs within The Eastern as well as Central African Plateaus and in grasslands.
8. Fer De Lance
The fer-de-lance, referred to by Spanish by the name Barba Amarilla (“yellow cheek”), can be described as pit viper that is distinguished by a small pit of sensory between each nostril and eye. Fer-de-lances are the most common cause of snake bites within their zone.
Diet: Adults eat primarily on small mammals, birds, and small mammals, especially mice and rats. Adults range between 4 and 6 feet long and weigh as much as 13 pounds.
They mostly live in evergreen and tropical rainforests; however, they can also be found in areas that are dry, such as the tropical deciduous forests, such as thorn forests and pine savannahs.
9. Black Mamba
Black mambas reside in the savannas and the rocky hills of eastern and southern Africa. They vary in hues ranging from gray to dark brown, with the underside being lighter.
Black mambas are carnivores. They generally hunt small vertebrates like birds, especially nestlings and fledglings. They also prey on smaller mammals such as rodents, bats, hyraxes, and bushbabies.
Adult black mambas measure 2.0-2.5 meters in length, with a maximum length being 4.3 meters (14 feet). Black mambas are found throughout the South, as well as East African savannas, rocky hills, and open woodlands.