Top 9 Rarest Bird In Uk (With Pictures)

1. Hawfinch


Hawfinch (Coccothraustes coccothraustes) is an egret bird that is part of the finch family of Fringillidae. The Hawfinch creates its nest inside a tree or bush with 2-7 eggs.

The diet comprises mostly seeds and kernels of fruit, specifically cherries that it cuts with its strong bill. The Hawfinch is 18cm, with wingspans that range between 29 and 33 centimeters.

It weighs between 46-70 grams, with males typically heavier than females. The Hawfinch is a unique species with finches that are cardueline in that male birds choose the location for the nest and then begin the nest construction.

2. Lesser-spotted woodpecker

Lesser-spotted woodpecker
Lesser-spotted woodpecker

The woodpecker with the lesser spotted is the tiniest widespread of three species found in Britain. It is black with a white back, with two large white patches and a crimson or red patch on its tail.

Lesser-spotted woodpeckers eat bugs and insects as well as invertebrates. The smallest of three types of woodpeckers commonly found in the UK, The lesser-spotted woodpecker measures around 15cm long.

The lesser-spotted woodpecker is a mature woodland specialist and relies on the dying, old and decaying woodpeckers that inhabit this habitat. Males are distinguished from females by the brilliant red crown.

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3. Nightingale


Common nightingales, the rufous nightingale or a nightingale, is a small bird of the passerine family recognized for its beautiful and powerful song. In the breeding season, insects and other invertebrates are the primary food source for nightingales.

It is a small bird measuring just 7 inches in length and has a wingspan of around 8-10 inches. Nightingales live from 1 to three years. They are found in forests, open woodlands, frequently thickets on water bodies, and grassland. They’re not the only birds singing at night, but they sing during the daytime as well.

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4. Capercaillie


The Capercaillie bird (Tetrao Urogallus) is sometimes referred to as Wood Grouse or Western Capercaillie. The body feathers range from deep grey and dark brown, and the breast feathers are dark green with metallic shining. The frog’s diet includes shoots, buds, seeds, berries, and seeds.

Males typically range in the range of 75 to 85 centimeters in length. One wild specimen was measured at an elongated meter, with an average was 4.1 kg.

The capercaillie lives throughout the northern part of Europe and Asia in coniferous forests, especially in mountainous areas and hills and the central-eastern mountains of Europe.

5. Pied flycatcher

Pied flycatcher
Pied flycatcher

A pied flycatcher can be described as a tiny flying bird that is smaller than the house sparrow. The primary food source of this bird is insects. In reality, their name comes from their practice of taking in flying insects. It’s a 12-13.5 centimeters (4.7-5.3 in) long bird.

The male breeds are primarily black with white beneath enormous white wings and whitetail sides. An enlarged forehead patch. It is an annual summer visitor and species mostly in western regions.

6. Willow TlT

Willow tit
Willow TlT

Willow’s are passerine birds that belong to the family of birds, Paridae. It is a widely distributed and frequent resident breeder in subarctic and temperate Europe and throughout the Palearctic. Between blue and fantastic without blue, yellow, or green.

It is a big sooty-black cap that extends up towards the neck and an untidy black and white bib. Willow is primarily a dietary source of insects, but they also eat seeds and berries when food supplies are low in winter.

The willow measures 11.5 centimeters (4.5 inches) in length. It also has a spread of 17-20.5 centimeters (6.7-8.1 inches) and weighs approximately 11 grams (0.39 0.39 oz).

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7. Nightjar


Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal or crepuscular birds of the family of Caprimulgidae and the order Caprimulgiformes distinguished by their giant wings and legs that are short bills.

Their gray-brown, cryptic streaked, barred, and mottled feathers provide excellent camouflage in the daytime. Nightjars are 6-to-16 inches (15 to 40 centimeters) from head to tail. They weigh between 0.7 to 6.6 pounds (20 to 181 grams).

It is distinguished by its head, the flat, wide mouth, bristles encircling it, and large eyes. Soft plumage, which results in silent flight. It is approximately 30 centimeters (12 inches) long. Nightjars can be found all over the world except Antarctica and a few islands, such as Madagascar, as well as Seychelles.

8. Spotted flycatcher

Spotted flycatcher
Spotted flycatcher

The flycatcher with a spotted pattern (Muscicapa striata) is a tiny passerine bird belonging to the Old World flycatcher family. They live in deciduous forests, parks, and gardens that prefer open spaces amongst trees.

The species breeds throughout Europe and range from the Palearctic to Siberia. It is a migratory bird that winters in Africa and southwestern Asia. The spot-on flycatcher is a thin bird, about 14.5 centimeters (5.7 inches) in length.

It weights 14-20 g (0.49-0.71 0.49-0.71 oz). The name implies that spotted flycatchers eat flying insects that they catch in mid-flight. Moths, butterflies, damselflies, craneflies, and damselflies are the main food items for this bird.

9. Wood warbler

Wood warbler
Wood warbler

A wood-warbler can be described as a vibrantly colored bird, with vibrant green upperparts, yellowish wings, and white underparts. The beautiful yet unobtrusive wood-warbler features bright yellow upperparts, a throat, the upper chest, and white underparts.

They eat their diet consisting of flies, insects, and spiders, which they collect off the vegetation using delicate beaks. The wood warbler measures 11-12.5 cm in length, weighing between 0.2-0.5 1 oz (6.5-15 grams) weight.

Wood warblers live in deciduous woodlands and have a closed-canopy with very little or no vegetation layer.

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